Have you ever made invert sugar at home? Here we explain how to get it and what this ingredient so common in many food lists is for.
Among the many sweeteners that we can find in industrial products, invert sugar stands out for its sweetening properties. For this reason, we are going to tell you what this product is and how it is used to get the most out of it.
The abuse of invert sugar is not without risks. It should be consumed sporadically, as it generates an insulin spike that is harmful to the body. It is okay to include products that contain it in the diet from time to time, but its continued intake should be avoided.
How do you get invert sugar?
To produce invert sugar, table sugar must be subjected to a chemical reaction called hydrolysis. Through this process, sucrose is broken into its forming elements: glucose and fructose.
This mechanism can occur spontaneously. For example, when making a jam. The addition of the lemon to the fruit and the sugar causes the investment, resulting in this product. It is even possible to find it in nature as such, being characteristic of maple syrup.
Besides, there is the possibility of making invert sugar at home . For this, you need gasifying substances, common in confectionery. These are made from baking soda and tartaric acid.
It is necessary to mix the bicarbonate with the table sugar, heating the mixture together with water until it boils. Then, the tartaric acid is incorporated and cooled, thus obtaining the invert sugar.
Invert sugar is used in industrial products to improve their palatability. Said substance also allows other organoleptic characteristics to be varied, such as texture. It participates in the fermentation processes, so it is common to include it in bakery products, along with yeasts.
On the other hand, invert sugar is often added to the ingredient list in order to delay drying and rancidity of products. It is intended to increase the useful life.
Within the framework of the ice cream parlor, it fulfills a crucial function. This ingredient is able to prevent the formation of large ice crystals, which improves the texture of the ice cream, in addition to facilitating its molding.
It should not be consumed regularly
Despite its power to improve the taste of food, we must not forget that invert sugar is also a simple carbohydrate. Regular intake of these macronutrients is associated with an increased risk of metabolic diseases, according to research published in Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences.
In addition, the consumption of foods rich in fructose could trigger liver diseases. There is scientific evidence that ingesting this substance increases the risk of developing fatty liver.
On the other hand, sugar could generate a certain addiction, according to experts. In this way, it is not recommended to include it in the usual diet in any of its variants. Of course, from time to time it is possible to indulge, without eliminating it completely and at all forever.
Alternatives to invert sugar
To satisfy the sweet needs it is better to resort to foods that have a certain amount of fructose in their composition, although accompanied by other quality nutrients.
We are referring to fruits. It is possible to introduce them to the diet in many different ways. The most advisable thing is to eat them as such, although sometimes they can be crushed and consumed in the form of porridges or purees. They can also be mixed with other ingredients to make healthy baked goods.
In this way, we reduce the impact and pancreatic stress associated with eating table sugar as such. In addition, we provide phytonutrients to the body, with high antioxidant capacity. Without forgetting the vitamins, essential for the correct cellular function.
Invert sugar: a powerful sweetener
As you have seen, invert sugar is an ingredient that is obtained from table sugar and whose uses are limited to the manufacture of industrial products.
Its characteristics include the ability to improve the taste and texture of food. However, its nutritional value is low. It only manages to provide high-glycemic carbohydrates. This condition is a burden since the intake of these nutrients is associated with a worsening of health in the medium and long term.
This does not mean that it cannot be consumed in a timely manner. It is possible to prepare it at home and add it to pastry foods, to make them tastier and improve their texture.
However, if you fancy sweets, we recommend that you prioritize the intake of fruit as such, before resorting to table sugar or any of its derivatives.